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The Middle-Ukrainian 1 Galician-Volynian Chronicle hereafter GVC - the most important historical source of events in 13th century southwestern Rus', an area which is now Western Ukraine — has many references in the Galician half of the chronicle to Hungary and the Hungarians, for in the first half of the thirteenth century the royal Árpád dynasty attempted to gain dominion over Galicia and create a second kingdom on its territory to be ruled by the younger members of the royal house of Hungary.
Drawing on my English translation 3 of the chronicle, I will cite references which illustrate these vicissitudes. I also beg the indulgence of specialists in this field for any oversimplifications or omissions I may have inadvertently made.
Their comments will only aid me in my work on the preparation of a critical edition of this very important historical and literary monument. Thus, at the very beginning of the chronicle, after the death of Great Prince Roman Mstislavii, the father of the four-year old Danilo and two-year old Vasilko, who are the protagonists of the GVC, the Hungarian king appears as the protector of the orphaned children and Roman's widow against Prince Rjurik Rostislaviő of Kiev, while Hungary is depicted as the haven for Faillite enterprise suisse anti aging a And because there were so many other Hungarians [in the city], the Galicians could not act on their own initiative [when Rjurik appeared before the city walls].
You had sworn an oath that [in case of his death] you would live in peace with his remaining kin.
Now that they axe in exile, let us go wrest their patrimony [from the hands of their enemies and return it to them". Upon hearing these words, the king regretted that such had come to pass. He kept Danilo by his side while the princess and Vasilko stayed with Lestko.
The Hungarian soldiers led by Benedict Bor and sent by thé king in the year erroneously recorded under the year to wrest the capital city of Halyc' from Prince Roman ïgoreviï, Danilo's contender for the Galician throne, receive, however, a very negative treatment from the chronicler: Benedikt captured [Prince] Roman [Igorevic] as he was bathing in a bath-house and sent him to Hungary. He expressed himself allegorically about this tormentor Benedikt: "In our time the Antichrist will be known by three names" and then fled from him, for [the latter] tortured boyars and citizens alike and was addicted to lechery.
And indeed he was the Antichrist 8 for his horrendous deeds bore witness thereof.
But when Prince Roman Igorevic" does succeed in taking back Halyi from the Hungarians in erroneously recorded under the yearthe king is shown to be not beyond receiving gifts to assauge his anger over the expulsion of Bor: Save us from beauty line anti aging ultimate young preisvergleich tormentor Benedikt".
Volodimer gave his son Izjaslav the city of Terebovl' and sent his [other] son Vsevolod bearing gifts to the king in Hungary [in order to placate him for the expulsion of Benedikt]. Yet the king's relationship with Danilo remains untouched by these events, for the above passage ends with a rumor of a plan to make Danilo heir to the Hungarian throne, a plan which, however, was never realized: While [Prince] Danilo was in Hungary, King Andrej, who had no son, the Hungarian boyars, and the whole land wanted to give Andrej 's daughter in marriage to Prince Danilo, although both were still children.
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Indeed, it is truly interesting that outside of his acceptance of gifts from both the enemy and ally alike, the king remains beyond reproach for the Galician chronicler even though his own troops may be shown to be less than heroic when fighting alone see Marcel's "dishonor" in quote b below.
Volodislav Kormiliőic fled to Hungary as did [the boyars] Sudislav and Filip. Finding Danilo in Hungary - and he was still a child - they made the [following] request of the Hungarian king: "Give us Danilo, the [rightful] heir of Halyö, so that with him we could take it from the Igorevic" princes".
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The king joyfully sent a large army which he entrusted to the great dvorskij Pot. Herewith are the names of the boyars that were with him: the first fwas] Petro TuroviS, the second - Banko, the third - Mika Bradatyj, the fourth - Lotoxarot, the fifth Mokian, the sixth - Tibrec, the seventh - Marcel, and many others, but to count them off and to write them down would be impossible.
The Polovcians, however, together with Izjaslav Volodimeric' came to the aid of the [besieged] Roman [Igorevic]. The Hungarians could not withstand the [Polovcian] attack and ran from their camp. Mika was wounded, and Tobasa cut off his head. When the Polovcians saw [that they had routed the Hungarians], they attacked them fiercely [once again], but the Hungarians fled [offering no resistance] to the river Ljuta, faillite enterprise suisse anti aging the Polovcians hard at their heels, because [their reinforcements] - the Poles and Rus'ians had not yet arrived.
The Hungarians went down [to the ford] and barely managed to cross the river.
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The Hungarians returned to their tents - that is their camp. Then [the allies] returned to Halyc and the Great Roman's [wife] Princess [Anna] arrived to see her beloved son Danilo. Thus, King Andrej did not forget his former agreement with his "brother" 1 ° - the Great Prince Roman - but sent his soldiers and placed his "son" on the throne of HalyC. When the [Igorevic] princes - Roman, Svjatoslav, and Rostislav were captured, the Hungarians wanted to take them to their king.
The Galicians, however, requested their permission to hang the princes in revenge. The Hungarians were persuaded with costly gifts, and the princes were turned over [to the Galicians] for hanging in the month of September.
When the king learned of her banishment, he grieved [greatly]. The [Hungarian] king came to Halyc bringing along his sister-in-law - the [Grand] Princess, Roman's spouse - and the boyars of Volodimer'; [Prince] Ingvar [Jaroslavic] arrived from Luck [and] other princes [joined them in Halyc also.
- hungarian studies - EPA - Országos Széchényi Könyvtár
- На фотографии она была изображена наклонившейся над постелью, в одних трусиках.
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- - Итак, если Танкадо хотел, чтобы мы обнаружили его почту, зачем ему понадобился секретный адрес.
The king] held a council with his sister-in-law and the boyars of Volodimer' [during which] he stated that [the boyar] Volodislav [Kormilic'ic] had assumed authority [in Haly5] and had banished his sister-in-law [from the city]. Sudislav, however, gave much wealth [to his captors] and "changed into gold" - that is having given them much gold, he was able to save himself. While he was being led away, Javolod and Jaropolk - his brother - fled to Peresopnica to [Prince] Mstislav.
They summoned him and in their company [he marched upon the city of] Bozk. After some time had passed, the king hurriedly began to gather a great army.
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However, the image of the Hungarian king changes drastically for the Galician chronicler with the Council of Spis" inat which time Andrew together with Leszek Biaty in text: Lestko of Poland reached the decision that Halyi must now be captured for Andrew's son Koloman, thereby turning Galicia into a second Hungarian kingdom for the Árpád dynasty.
At first the Galician chronicler only records the contents of this council without noting his disapproval: The king liked Pakoslav's [advice]. He held council with Lestko in Spis" 12 and took Lestko's daughter for his son. Then sending [troops], he captured Volodislav in Halyi. And this is why all the princes looked with disfavor upon his children. The king placed his son in Halyi, presented Lestko with PeremysT and gave [the boyar] Pakoslav the city of Ljubacev, for he was a friend of Roman's wife and her children.
However, when military operations actually begin, the Galician chronicler expresses his approval over the Hungarian loss to Danilo's father-in-law, Prince Mstislav Mstislavic' Udalyj of Novgorod and Halyő, for the Hungarians had been guilty of faillite enterprise suisse anti aging sin of pride and had defiled the Nemzetközi bőr és anti aging központ of Our Lady, the Blessed Virgin Mary in Halyö by turning it into a fortress: Nothing [of importance] happened [until].
He was wont to say that one stone could break many pots or to boast that one needed only a sharp sword and a swift steed [to kill] many Rus'ians.
- Его пальцы набирали слова медленно, но решительно.
But God would not tolerate this and later the ever-proud Filja was killed by Danilo Romanovic. Prince Oleksander betrayed Danilo and Vasilko and they had no succour from anyone except God until [Prince] Mstislav arrived with the Polovcians. Then Filja retreated with his great host of Hungarians and Poles, taking with him the Galician boyars, his father-in-law Sudislav, and [many] others.
But some [of the boyars] fled [from him], for he had looked down upon them. There faillite enterprise suisse anti aging peace.